On May 22, 2013, the American Psychological Association released its latest edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual (DSM), the DSM-5. This manual describes over 400 psychological disorders, and allows for clinicians to diagnose these disorders reliably and validly. This new edition of the DSM replaces the DSM-IV-Text Revision (TR), an edition release in 2000. In 2006, the American Psychological Association formed a task forced designed to look into the DSM-IV-TR, and suggest changes to diagnostic criteria, as well as add and delete disorders. Researchers and practitioners provided feedback and responses on proposed changes from 2010 until 2012.
The DSM-5 includes the new categories of hoarding disorder, excoriation (skin-picking) disorder, persistent depressive disorder, premenstrual dysphoric disorder, disruptive mood dysregulation disorder, somatic symptom disorder, binge-eating disorder, and mild neurocognitive disorder. Other changes include name changes and reorganizing existing disorders into new categories.
The Abnormal Psychology class offered at Dakota College at Bottineau (DCB) this spring is utilizing the changes. "The revisions from the DSM-IV-TR to DSM-5 have gradually made their way into different textbooks and case study books that we use in class," said Dr. Lexi Kvasnicka-Gates, Assistant Professor of Social Sciences at DCB. "My goal this spring is to show students where the disorders were a year ago, and how they have changed (or stayed the same) this year," said Kvasnicka-Gates.